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劍橋詞典2019年度詞匯出爐 “升級回收”體現環保關切

Source: 恒星英語學習網    2019-11-18  我要投稿   論壇   Favorite  

劍橋詞典網站日前發布消息稱,“upcycling”(升級回收)被確定為2019年年度詞匯。這個詞指的是將無用及不需要的產品,轉化為質量更好或具有環境價值的新材料或產品。

Cambridge Dictionary has named 'upcycling', the activity of making new items out of old or used things, as its Word of the Year 2019.

劍橋詞典近日將“upcycling”(升級回收)評為2019年年度詞匯。“升級回收”指的是用舊的或使用過的東西制造新物品的活動。

Upcycling was chosen as the ‘Word of the Day’ which resonated most strongly with followers on the Dictionary’s Instagram account. The noun – defined as the activity of making new furniture, objects, etc. out of old or used things or waste material – received more likes than any other ‘Word of the Day’ when shared on 4 July 2019.

“升級回收”一詞被選為最能引起劍橋詞典Instagram賬戶粉絲共鳴的“每日一詞”。 這個名詞被定義為用舊的或使用過的東西甚至廢品制作新家具、物品等的活動。2019年7月4日,劍橋詞典在Instagram賬戶上分享這個詞匯時,它獲得的點贊量超過其他所有的“每日一詞”。

The number of times upcycling has been looked up on the Cambridge Dictionary website has risen by 181% since December of 2011, when it was first added to the online dictionary, and searches have doubled in the last year alone.

自2011年12月首次被收入劍橋詞典網站以來,“升級回收”一詞的搜索量增長了181%,僅去年一年的搜索量就增加了一倍。

"We think it's the positive idea behind upcycling that appeals more than the word itself," said Wendalyn Nichols, Publishing Manager of the Cambridge Dictionary. "Stopping the progression of climate change, let alone reversing it, can seem impossible at times. Upcycling is a concrete action a single human being can take to make a difference.

劍橋詞典的出版經理溫德林•尼科爾斯說:“我們認為,‘升級回收’一詞背后的積極意義比這個詞本身更吸引人。阻止氣候變化的進程,更不用說扭轉它,有時似乎是不可能的。‘升級回收’是每個人可以為此做出改變的具體行動。”

"Lookups of upcycling reflect the momentum around individual actions to combat climate change — the youth activism sparked by Greta Thunberg; the growing trends of vegan, flexitarian and plant-based diets; reading and following the handbook There is No Planet B; or fashion designers upcycling clothes to create their latest collections."

“對‘升級回收’一詞的搜索反映了個人應對氣候變化行動的趨勢——由格蕾塔·通貝里發起的青年活動;純素食、彈性素食和植物性飲食的增長趨勢;閱讀并遵循《沒有第二個地球》手冊,以及時裝設計師們對衣服進行‘升級回收’來打造最新服裝系列。”

Other words on the shortlist for Word of the Year 2019 reflect the same concern with the effects of climate change, for instance:

其他入圍的2019年度詞匯也反映了對于氣候變化影響同樣的擔憂,比如:

 

carbon sink noun

碳匯(名詞)

An area of forest that is large enough to absorb large amounts of carbon dioxide from the earth's atmosphere and therefore to reduce the effect of global warming

森林面積大到足以吸收地球大氣中大量的二氧化碳,從而減少全球變暖的影響

 

compostable adjective

可堆肥的(形容詞)

Something that is compostable can be used as compost when it decays

可用來制作肥料的東西,腐爛后可以用作堆肥

 

The Cambridge Dictionary editors use data from the website, blogs, and social media to identify and prioritise new additions to the Dictionary. They identified upcycling as a word to include after noticing a spike in searches for the word in 2010.

劍橋詞典的編輯們使用來自網站、博客和社交媒體的數據來識別和優先考慮詞典的新詞條。他們在2010年注意到“升級回收”的搜索量激增,于是將之收錄進來。

A recent addition is the noun plastic footprint, defined as a measurement of the amount of plastic that someone uses and then discards, considered in terms of the resulting damage caused to the environment. This word, first identified by traditional citation gathering, received 1,048 votes in the New Words blog poll, with 61% of readers opting for the phrase to be added to Cambridge Dictionary.

劍橋詞典最近新增了“塑料足跡”這個詞,用來衡量一個人使用和丟棄塑料的數量,及其對環境造成的破壞。這個詞最初是由傳統的引文收集方式確定的,在新詞博客投票中獲得1048票,61%的讀者選擇將這個用語收入劍橋詞典。

citation[saɪˈteɪʃn]:n.引用,引證

Cambridge University Press has been publishing dictionaries for learners of English since 1995. Cambridge Dictionary began offering these dictionaries completely free of charge online in 1999. Celebrating its 20th birthday this year, Cambridge Dictionary is the top learner dictionary website on the planet, currently serving 394 million unique visitors a year.

劍橋大學出版社從1995年開始為英語學習者出版字典。劍橋詞典從1999年開始提供完全免費的在線詞典。今年是劍橋詞典誕生20周年,劍橋詞典網站是全球最大的學習詞典網站,目前每年有3.94億獨立訪客。


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